Tehran University of Medical Sciences
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Abbas Shafiee

Electrocatalytic oxidation and determination of deferasirox and deferiprone on a nickel oxyhydroxide-modified electrode.

Authors: Hajjizadeh M , Jabbari A , Heli H , Moosavi-Movahedi AA , Shafiee A , Karimian K ,
Analytical biochemistry , Vol., No. 0003-2697 (Print) , 20080109 ,Page:0
The electrocatalytic oxidation of two orally administered iron chelator drugs (deferiprone, CP20, and deferasirox, ICL670) was investigated on a nickel oxyhydroxide-modified nickel electrode in alkaline solution. The oxidation process involved and its kinetics were investigated using cyclic voltammetry, chronoamperometry, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy techniques, as well as steady-state polarization measurements. Voltammetric studies indicated that in the presence of the drugs under study, the anodic peak current of low-valence nickel species increased, followed by a decrease in the corresponding cathodic current. This result indicates that the drugs were oxidized via oxyhydroxide species immobilized on the electrode surface via an EC' mechanism. A mechanism based on the electrochemical generation of Ni(III) active sites and their subsequent consumption by the drugs in question was also investigated. The corresponding rate law under the control of charge transfer was developed, and kinetic parameters were derived. In this context, the charge-transfer resistance accessible both theoretically and through impedancemetry was used as a criterion. The rate constants of the catalytic oxidation of the drugs and the electron-transfer coefficients are reported. A sensitive, simple, and time-saving amperometric procedure was developed for the analysis of deferasirox and deferiprone, with detection limits of 28 and 19 microM, respectively. The electrode was used for the direct assay of deferasirox and deferiprone tablets.