Tehran University of Medical Sciences
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Abbas Shafiee

Synthesis and evaluation of pharmacological activities of 3, 5-dialkyl 1, 4-dihydro-2,6-dimethyl-4-nitroimidazole-3, 5-pyridine dicarboxylates.


Authors: Miri R , Javidnia K , Kebriaie-Zadeh A , Niknahad H , Shaygani N , Semnanian S , Shafiee A ,
Archiv der Pharmazie , Vol., No. 0365-6233 (Print) , 20031006 ,Page:0
New analogues of nifedipine, in which the 2-nitrophenyl group at position 4 is replaced by a 1-methyl-5-nitro-2-imidazolyl substituent, were synthesized. The symmetrical dialkyl 1, 4-dihydro-2, 6-dimethyl-4-(1-methyl-5-nitro-2-imidazolyl)-3, 5-pyridinedicarboxylates were prepared by a classical Hantzsch condensation. The asymmetrical analogues were synthesized using a procedure reported by Iwanami that involved the condensation of alkylacetoacetate with methyl-, ethyl- or isopropyl3-aminocrotonate and 1-methyl-5-nitroimidazole-2-carboxaldehyde. Calcium channel antagonist activities were determined in vitro using a guinea pig ileum longitudinal smooth muscle (GPILSM)assay. Many compounds exhibited superior, or equipotent, calcium antagonist activity (IC(50) = 10(-10) to 10(-13) M range) relative to the reference drug nifedipine (IC(50) = 1.09 +/- 0.12 x 10(-11) M). Antinociceptive effects of some compounds were evaluated by the mouse tail-flick assay in vivo. Results demonstrate that some of the compounds were active as an antinociceptive.